8. Appendix

This appendix provides further details of the survey methodology and other details about the approach to this research.

8.1. Research approach

As outlined in section 2.4, this research draws on a number of different sources. More detail can be found below:

1. Main research findings and further analysis Time Well Spent a national survey of 10,103 people on the volunteer experience.

  • This survey was completed by adults aged 18 and over in Great Britain through YouGov’s panel, via an online self-completion questionnaire between 4 and 15 May 2018. The total sample achieved was 10,103 respondents. The data was weighted to reflect the national population by key demographics: age, gender, education level and social grade. The survey focuses on volunteering through groups, clubs and organisations, known as formal volunteering. More technical details can be found in section 10 of the main Time Well Spent report.
  • Further analysis was carried out by analysing the sub-set of public sector volunteers: those who reported giving unpaid help to a public sector organisation in the last 12 months as their main organisation, if multiple (n=649). We also compared with civil society volunteers (n=2637).

2. Primary research carried out specifically for this report: four focus groups, lasting 90 minutes, were carried out with volunteers who had given time to public sector organisations. Participants were recruited through an external agency. In each group, participants were recruited according to the following criteria:

  • All aged 18 and over
  • Each group to reflect a demographic mix of age, gender, ethnicity, socio-economic status and working status
  • All must have volunteered in public sector organisations within the last 12 months
  • Within each group, primarily those who either have interaction with/work alongside paid staff
  • Mix of length of time volunteering in the public sector organisation

3. A range of research and literature on volunteering in the public sector, focusing on key subsectors. See section 8.3 for full list of literature and evidence cited in this report.

4. Finally, a round table discussion, led by the volunteering development team at NCVO included practice and policymakers and academics with interest in this area. During this round table, research findings were represented, followed by a discussion on practice and policy implications.

8.2. Definitions

As outlined in section 2.5, throughout this report, as in the main Time Well Spent report, we use the term ‘volunteering’ to refer to formal volunteering through groups, clubs or organisations, which is the focus of this survey.

Furthermore, in the survey, the term volunteering was not used. Instead, they were asked whether they had been involved with any groups, clubs or organisation and then whether they had provided unpaid help to any groups, clubs or organisations, prompted by a list of activities as in the Community Life Survey. This method was used to encompass the full range of volunteering activities, some of which may not otherwise be recognised by respondents as volunteering.

8.3. Literature and evidence

Below is a full list of literature and evidence cited and used for this report.